4.CORONAVIRUS EXPLAINED-current situation,duration and global response.

coronavirus

What is the current situation?

For current situation, latest stats and figures about COVID-19 visit https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/.
Currently there are more than 2.4M cases and more than 166k deaths so far. Coronavirus pandemic has taken over 206 countries and territories with the United States being the worst hit country. It has brought the world to a standstill. Many countries are imposing strict lockdown in order to contain the spread of the disease. But the count of coronavirus patients is
continuously on the rise. This has overwhelmed the health care system of all major countries with hospital being overcrowded.

Due to the coronavirus many doctors and frontline workers have lost their life. Due to the sudden increase in number of cases , there arose shortage of masks, PPE , ventilators and other medical supplies.

What will be its duration?

The WHO asserts that the pandemic can be controlled. The peak and ultimate duration of the outbreak are uncertain and may differ by location. Maciej Boni of Penn State University stated, “If left unchecked, infectious outbreaks typically plateau and then start to decline when the disease runs out of available hosts. But it’s almost impossible to make any sensible projection right now about when that will be”. The Chinese government’s senior medical adviser Zhong Nanshan argue that “it could be over by June” if all countries can be mobilise to follow the WHO’s advice on measures to stop the spread of the virus. On 17 March, Adam Kucharski of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine said SARS-CoV-2 “is going to be circulating, potentially for a year or two”.

According to Imperial College study by Neil Ferguson, physical distancing & other measures will be required until a vaccine becomes available. William Schaffner of Vanderbilt University states “I think it’s unlikely that this coronavirus—because it’s so readily transmissible—will disappear completely”. And it “might turn into a seasonal disease, making a comeback every year”. The virulence of the comeback would depend on herd immunity and the extent of mutation.

What is the global response?

Due to the pandemic, many countries have imposed entry bans for their citizens or recent travellers to most affected areas. Other countries and regions have imposed global restrictions that apply to all foreign countries and territories. Also restrictions are there ro prevent their own citizens from travelling overseas.

Owing to the effective quarantine of public transport in Wuhan and Hubei, several countries evacuated their citizens and diplomatic staff from the area, primarily through chartered flights of the home nation, with Chinese authorities providing clearance. Canada, the United States, Japan, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, France, Argentina, Germany, and Thailand were among the first to plan the evacuation of their citizens.

International governmental organisations are addressing the economic and social impacts of the COVID-19 crisis. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has launched a platform to provide timely and comprehensive information on policy responses in countries around the world, as well as viewpoints and advice. From policies to strengthen health systems and the world economy to addressing the effects of lock-down and restrictions on travel, the digital hub includes a Country Policy Tracker, and aims to help countries learn from each other and to facilitate a coordinated global response to the coronavirus challenge.

References

1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019–20_coronavirus_pandemic 2 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronavirus_disease_2019 3https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socio-economic_impact_of_the_2019–20_coronavirus_pandemic 4https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronavirus_disease_2019

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